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20,4:1 12V HP 25Dx50L- Metal Gearmotor View larger

20,4:1 12V HP 25Dx50L- Metal Gearmotor

Motor with 25 mm diameter and 50 mm length, 20,4:1 metal gear, 12 V operating voltage, 0,3 A to 5,6 A power consumption, 500 RPM speed and 6 maximum torque. Pololu 3203

More details

ID: 579988

18,71€ gross (23% VAT)
15,21€ net

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Data sheet

DC motor powerHP
Gear materialMetal
Gear ratio20.4:1
Rotation speed500RPM
Shaft diameter4 mm
Shaft shapeD
Obustronny wał silnikaNie
Power supply voltage12V

More info

Description

This gearmotor consists of a high-power, 12 V brushed DC motor combined with a 20,4:1 metal spur gearbox. The gearmotor is cylindrical, with a diameter just under 25 mm, and the D-shaped output shaft is 4 mm in diameter and extends 12.5 mm from the face plate of the gearbox.

Features

  • Supply voltage: 12 V
  • Gear ratio: 20,4:1
  • Speed: 500 RPM
  • Maximum torque: 6 kg*cm
  • Minimum current consumption: 0,3 A
  • Maximum current consumption: 5,6 A
  • Diameter: 103 mm
  • Length: 50 mm
  • Weight: 85 g
Note: Stalling or overloading gearmotors can greatly decrease their lifetimes and even result in immediate damage. For these gearboxes, the recommended upper limit for instantaneous torque is 15 kg-cm (200 oz-in); we strongly advise keeping applied loads well under this limit. Stalls can also result in rapid (potentially on the order of a second) thermal damage to the motor windings and brushes, especially for the versions that use high-power (HP) motors; a general recommendation for brushed DC motor operation is 25% or less of the stall current.

Supply voltage

Pololu 25D motors are available in two versions with the recommended voltage of 6 V and 12 V. These motors differ in power and current consumption. The power of LP motors in the 6 V and 12 V versions differs slightly, and the current consumed by the 12 V LP motors is more than half that of the 6 V LP motors. The power of the HP 12 V motors is noticeably greater than the HP 6 V, so the difference in the consumed current is not as big as in LP engines. It is possible to power the motors with a lower or higher voltage, but it is associated with lower power or a shorter life of the motors, respectively.

Dimensions and weight

All motors have the same dimensions. Depending on the gear ratio, the gears differ in length, as shown in the technical drawing below. The metal gear housing has two tapped holes for M3 screws. The gearmotors weigh from 60 g to 110 g depending on the gear size.

Dimensions of 25D motors in version with encoders (units in mm).
Dimensions of 25D motors without encoders (units in mm).
Note!
Do not screw too far into the mounting holes as the screws can hit the gears. We recommend screwing no more than 6 mm into the M3 mounting holes.

Magnetic encoder

All Pololu 25D gearmotors are available in versions with a magnetic encoder and without an encoder. The encoder is mounted on an additional shaft on the opposite side of the main shaft. The shaft on which the encoder is mounted is led directly from the motor (without gear), which allows the installation of the encoder which works much more accurately than if it was mounted on the shaft behind the gear. The use of an encoder allows to determine the speed and position of the motor shaft and to apply these values in the PID controller feedback loop.

Single-sided shaft motorMotor with double-sided shaft and mounted encoderA motor with a double-sided shaft, an encoder and a removed plastic cover

Using the encoder

A two-channel Hall effect encoder is used to sense the rotation of a magnetic disk on a rear protrusion of the motor shaft. The quadrature encoder provides a resolution of 48 counts per revolution of the motor shaft when counting both edges of both channels. To compute the counts per revolution of the gearbox output, multiply the gear ratio by 48. The motor/encoder has six color-coded, 8″ (20 cm) leads terminated by a 1×6 female header with a 0.1″ pitch, as shown in the main product picture. This header works with standard 0.1″ male headers and our male jumper and precrimped wires. If this header is not convenient for your application, you can pull the crimped wires out of the header or cut the header off. The following table describes the wire functions.

ColorFunction
Redmotor power (connects to one motor terminal)
Blackmotor power (connects to the other motor terminal)
Greenencoder GND
Blueencoder Vcc (3.5 V to 20 V)
Yellowencoder A output
Whiteencoder B output
Encoder A and B outputs for 25D mm HP 6V metal gearmotor with 48 CPR encoder (motor running at 6 V).

Wheels

The 4 mm diameter gearbox output shaft works with Pololu universal aluminum mounting hub for 4mm shafts, which can be used to mount our larger Pololu wheels (60mm-, 70mm-, 80mm-, and 90mm-diameter) or custom wheels and mechanisms to the gearmotor’s output shaft as shown in the left picture below. Alternatively, you could use our 4mm scooter wheel adapter to mount many common scooter, skateboard, and inline skate wheels to the gearmotor’s output shaft as shown in the right picture below.

Black Pololu 80x10mm wheelsWhite Pololu 80x10mm wheelsBlack Pololu 80x10mm wheel with motor mounted

Wild Thumper wheels ChromeWild Thumper wheels red matalicWild Thumper wheel with engine mounted

Black scooter/skate wheels with 200 mm, 144 mm, 100 mm, 84 mm, and 70 mm diameters.Aluminum Scooter Wheel Adapters

Brackets

The gearmotor face plate has two mounting holes threaded for M2.5 screws, and you can use our custom-designed 20D mm metal gearmotor bracket (shown in the left picture below) to mount the gearmotor to your project via these mounting holes and the screws that come with the bracket.

Brackets for 25D engines25D engine with attached bracket and adapter25D engine mounted on a platform with a Scooter wheel

Motor controllers

We have a number of motor controllers and motor drivers that work with these 20D mm metal gearmotors. In particular, we recommend MC33296-based motor drivers, for which we have basic single and dual carriers and a dual-channel shield for Arduino.

RoboClaw 2x7A Motor Controller (V5B)Pololu Dual VNH5019 Motor Driver Shield for ArduinoJrk G2 24v13 - DC motor controller

Current sensors

We have an assortment of Hall effect-based current sensors to choose from for those who need to monitor motor current:

Current sensor module (0-20A) with ACS712-20ACHS-7124 Current Sensor Carrier ±40APololu 2452 - ACS711EX Current Sensor Carrier -15.5A to +15.5A

Types and parameters of 25D Pololu engines:

Our offer includes motors with gear ratios from 4.4: 1 to 499: 1, with a rated voltage of 6 V and 12 V. All variants of motors with gears are available with and without a magnetic encoder. In addition, gearedless encoder motors are available to fit gears from the rest of the 25D motors.

Gear ratioTypeRated
Voltage
No-Load SpeedStall TorqueNo-Load
Current
Stall
Current
Single-ShaftDual-Shaft
1:1HP12 V10 200 RPM0.4 kg*cm0.3 A5.6 ALINK
6 V10 000 RPM0.35 kg*cm0.275 A6.5 ALINK
MP12 V7 800 RPM0.2 kg*cm0.2 A2.1 ALINK
LP12V5 600 RPM0.15 kg*cm0.1 A1.1 ALINK
6 V6 200 RPM0.15 kg*cm0.25 A2.4 ALINK
4.4:1HP12 V2 250 RPM1.7 kg*cm0.3 A5.6 ALINKLINK
6 V2 150 RPM1.5 kg*cm0.275 A6.5 ALINKLINK
MP12 V1 700 RPM0.8 kg*cm0.2 A2.1 ALINKLINK
LP12 V1 200 RPM0.6 kg*cm0.1 A1.1 ALINKLINK
6 V1 300 RPM0.6 kg*cm0.25 A2.4 ALINKLINK
9.7:1HP12 V1 030 RPM3.2 kg*cm0.3 A5.6 ALINKLINK
6 V990 RPM2.8 kg*cm0.275 A6.5 ALINKLINK
MP12 V1 030 RPM1.6 kg*cm0.2 A2.1 ALINKLINK
LP12 V560 RPM1 kg*cm0.1 A1.1 ALINKLINK
6 V590 RPM1.2 kg*cm0.25 A2.4 ALINKLINK
20.4:1HP12 V500 RPM6 kg*cm0.3 A5.6 ALINKLINK
6 V460 RPM5.5 kg*cm0.275 A6.5 ALINKLINK
MP12 V370 RPM3 kg*cm0.2 A2.1 ALINKLINK
LP12 V260 RPM2 kg*cm0.1 A1.1 ALINKLINK
6 V290 RPM2.4 kg*cm0.25 A2.4 ALINKLINK
34:1HP12 V290 RPM8.5 kg*cm0.3 A5.6 ALINKLINK
6 V280 RPM6.5 kg*cm0.275 A6.5 ALINKLINK
MP12 V220 RPM4.5 kg*cm0.2 A2.1 ALINKLINK
LP12 V150 RPM3 kg*cm0.1 A1.1 ALINKLINK
6 V170 RPM3.5 kg*cm0.25 A2.4 ALINKLINK
47:1HP12 V210 RPM12 kg*cm0.3 A5.6 ALINKLINK
6 V200 RPM8.5 kg*cm0.275 A6.5 ALINKLINK
MP12 V160 RPM6 kg*cm0.2 A2.1 ALINKLINK
LP12 V110 RPM4.3 kg*cm0.1 A1.1 ALINKLINK
6 V120 RPM4.7 kg*cm0.25 A2.4 ALINKLINK
75:1HP12 V130 RPM17 kg*cm0.3 A5.6 ALINKLINK
6 V130 RPM11 kg*cm0.275 A6.5 ALINKLINK
MP12 V100 RPM9 kg*cm0.2 A2.1 ALINKLINK
LP12 V71 RPM6 kg*cm0.1 A1.1 ALINKLINK
6 V78 RPM6.8 kg*cm0.25 A2.4 ALINKLINK
99:1HP12 V100 RPM21 kg*cm0.3 A5.6 ALINKLINK
6 V97 RPM15 kg*cm0.275 A6.5 ALINKLINK
MP12 V76 RPM12 kg*cm0.2 A2.1 ALINKLINK
LP12 V55 RPM8 kg*cm0.1 A1.1 ALINKLINK
6 V58 RPM9.4 kg*cm0.25 A2.4 ALINKLINK
172:1HP6 V56 RPM25 kg*cm0.275 A6.5 ALINKLINK
MP12 V43 RPM18 kg*cm0.2 A2.1 ALINKLINK
LP12 V31 RPM13 kg*cm0.1 A1.1 ALINKLINK
6 V34 RPM14.5 kg*cm0.25 A2.4 ALINKLINK
227:1MP12 V33 RPM23 kg*cm0.2 A2.1 ALINKLINK
LP12 V23 RPM17 kg*cm0.1 A1.1 ALINKLINK
6 V25 RPM16 kg*cm0.25 A1.5 ALINKLINK
378:1LP12 V14 RPM23 kg*cm0.1 A1.6 ALINKLINK
6 V15 RPM22 kg*cm0.25 A1.1 ALINKLINK
499:1LP6 V11 RPM30 kg*cm0.25 A2.4 ALINKLINK

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